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The London Charter

The London Charter

3DVisA is the Secretariat of The London Charter for the use of 3-dimensional Visualisation in the Research and Communication of Cultural Heritage.

The London Charter seeks to establish principles for the use of 3d visualisation methods and outcomes in the research and communication of cultural heritage in order to:

  • Provide a benchmark having widespread recognition among stakeholders.
  • Promote intellectual and technical rigour in such uses.
  • Enable appropriate evaluative criteria and methods to be determined and applied.
  • Stimulate debate on methodological issues.
  • Offer a robust foundation upon which specialist subject communities can build detailed standards and guides.
  • Ensure appropriate access and sustainability strategies to be determined and applied.
  • Enable 3d visualisation authoritatively to contribute to the study, interpretation and management of cultural heritage assets.

The Principles

Principle 1- Subject Communities

The aims and objectives of this Charter are valid across all domains in which 3d visualisation can be applied to cultural heritage. Related specialist subject areas should therefore adopt and build upon the principles established by this Charter.

Principle 2 - Aims and Methods

Numerous types of 3d visualisation methods and outcomes exist, and can be used to address a wide range of research and communication aims. A 3d visualisation method should normally only be used to address an aim when it is the most appropriate available method for that purpose.

Principle 3 - Sources

In order to ensure the intellectual integrity of 3d visualisation methods and outcomes, relevant sources should be identified and evaluated in a structured way.

Principle 4 - Transparency Requirements

Sufficient information should be provided to allow 3d visualisation methods and outcomes to be understood and evaluated appropriately in relation to the contexts in which they are used and disseminated.

Principle 5 - Documentation

The process and outcomes of 3d visualisation creation should be sufficiently documented to enable the creation of accurate transparency records, potential reuse of the research conducted and its outcomes in new contexts, enhanced resource discovery and accessibility, and to promote understanding beyond the original subject community.

Principle 6 - Technical Standards

Appropriate standards and ontologies for documenting 3D visualisation methods and outcomes should be identified at subject community level in order to enable optimum interoperability and comparability within and between domains.

Principle 7 - Sustainability

3d visualisation outcomes pertaining to cultural heritage and created in accordance with the principles established by this Charter, constitute, in themselves, a growing part of our intellectual, social, economic and cultural heritage. If this heritage is not to be squandered, strategies to ensure its long-term sustainability should be planned and implemented.

Principle 8 - Accessibility

Consideration should be given to the ways in which the outcomes of 3d visualisation work could contribute to the wider study, understanding, interpretation and management of cultural heritage assets.


For further information follow the link above or contact
Anna Bentkowska-Kafel